Code de Pointage 2001

Janssen&Fritsen and "GYMmedia international" would like to present the essential and most significant reforms of the competition reglement prior to the first World Championships of this millenium as well as changes in the so called "Code de Pointage" and their influence on the attainment of the highest mastery at  this first main tournament during this Olympic cycle.
Besides indications to the actual content of routines we would like to point out  technical specialities and methodical solutions in form of offers for methodical training auxiliary apparatus.


  (I)  Code de Pointage 2001  /  MEN

As before there will be this structure during the Olympic cycle 2001-2004:

A-panel of judges: 2 Judges - Determination of the actual content of routine (Start Value=SV)

-the basis are:

- 2.80 points for difficulty requirements
- 1.00 points for execution of  5 technical basic structures
- 1.20 points for complete usage of possibilities of bonification

 - maximum:

- 5,00 points
B-panel of judges: 6 Judges - Determination of technical and execution faults and mistakes.

- maximum:

The B-panel has high responsibility:
The judges are directly linked to the athlete and are responsible for the preservation of the basic values of gymnastics, the unity of technical perfection and difficulty requirements!
(Art.21 C.dP.:
    The gymnast is expected to include only elements he is able to perfom completely secure and with a high aesthetic and technical mastery. All deviations will be punished rigorouly be the B-judges.The gymnast should never try to increae the difficulty or the start value of his routine on costs of technical execution and body posture.

- 5.00 points

= total:

-10.00 points

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NEW >> A-element B-element C-element D-element
Number of elements: 4 3 3 -
- old: 4 3 2 1
Value of Difficulties:

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NEW >> A-element B-element C-element D-element
Number of elements: 0.1 0.3 0.5 -
-oldt: 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.6

                      Total>>      2.80 points for difficulty requirements:
That means: In the obligatory requirements there is
n o  D-element necessary anymore.
D, E, E-super, however, are still part of the table of value. They serve as bonification elements.

Bonification / Plus points:

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Besides D = +0,1 E = 0,2 E-super= 0,3

 / = 0,4( in special cases, like a triple somersault on floor exercise

additional bonifications can be given for especially difficult/original combinations:

Examples :

D + D
+ 0.1 + 0.1

... that means for the combination >

+ 0.1 = 0.3 Bonus

... or:

D + E
+ 0.1 + 0.2

... that means for the combination >

+ 0.2 = 0.5 Bonus
Routines on floor exercise are exceptions:
B + C = D
C + C = E
D + C = E
C + E = E

  .... and flying elements on high bar, e.g.:

C + C = D  +  (C) = D
Tkl + Tkg  =     +    Gi        
   Example of a competition routine (10 elements):


0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 = 0.6  bonification for difficulty




= 0.5  bonification for combinations

For this example the start value (SV would be after meeting all special requirements:

(basic value)
+ 0.5 + 0.6

       = 9.9  SV

New in the Code of Points is that all "known" elements have got a number of identification. Gymnasts are allowed to perform only elements in their routines which are part of the C.d.P. An offence against the code will be punished with a deduction of  - 0.2 points.
New or still unknown elements must be applied for by the gymnast himself (or his coach) at least 24 hours before the start of competition at the main panel.


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Deductions for all perceptable mistakes of body posture and techninal demonstration:

small mistake  - 0.1
medium mistake  - 0.2
large mistake  - 0.3 (e.g. swing in between)
fall  - 0.50

When performing strength elements or static/held positions, the deviation of angles of the perfect position determine the degree of mistakes or the intended deductions:

small mistake medium mistake large mistake non-recognition (A-judges)
> up to 15 16 - 30 > more than 30 > more than 45

 Deviations in holds of > 30 as well as bended arms result in large deductions by the B-judges. Furthermore, the A-judges do not acknowledge an element if the deviation is more than 45.

There are deductions for deviation of correct positions of handstands or elements which should lead into or through a hanstand position:

> up to 15  - without deduction
16 - 30  - 0.1 (in the sense of a small mistake)
31 - 45  - 0.2 
> 45  - 0.3 (+ no acceptance as element of valuel)

Principally no repetition of the complete routine is allowed, except if the gymnast had to interrupt his routine through no fault of his own. Furthermore, elements with the same number of identification can not be repeated in order to get accepted as difficulty or to gain bonifications.

Linking elements like giants, "Thomas circles" or back flips, for instance, are allowed to be performed twice only - every additional element of this kind leads to a deduction of -0.2 point in each appearance.

The new reglement has requirements for the competition dress, too:
The disguise of bad body postures shall be avoided by special separation of colours of competition dresses. Wearing of dark trousers (black, dark blue, dark green) will not be allowed any longer.


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There is a substantial change for meeting "special requirements":
> up to now 3 special requirements were to be met on each apparatus. The missing of such an element was deducted with  - 0.4 points.

In the new C.d.P. five special requirements are to be met - including a dismount with a certain value. All theses element have to be at least B-elements. The dismount has to be a C-element ( - with a dismount = B-element, there will be a deduction of -0.1 points, with a dismount = A-element, a dedcution of - 0.2 points; - without any kind of dismount: -0.3 points). The missing of a special requirement results in a deduction of  -0.2 points.

With these requirements the men's and women's technical committee of FIG had intended to foster the variable range of moves (especially after the drop of compulsory routines) and, therefore, to increase the variety of doing gymnastics.
First observations of competitions, however, show an unintended uniformity of routines (- the compulsory routine was a uniformity); on parallel bars the "flow of routine" is heavily influenced by the requirement of an "support on upper arms".

Dieter Hofmann, Liestal/Swizzerland
(Translation: Florian Schmid-Sorg)